Iranians History on This Day

 Nov 30 

The day that Yazd, one of the centers of Zoroastrianism, fell to the Arabs

    On 30 November 642, the city of Yazd, one of the big cities of Zoroastrianism, fell to the Arabs. The Arabs had already captured Isfahan. Yazd, which was built in the first decade of the 4th century AD by Yazdard I, was 240 years old when captured. The Sassanid kings after Yazdgard I tried to make this city, which was situated on the desert periphery and on the caravan road, into a large Zoroastrian center (till today the number of Zoroastrians in Yazd are more than other cities of Iran). In 642 AD, when Yazd fell, Yazdgard III was yet living and resisting. He was assassinated in 651 AD, in Marv, Khorasan. In that same year many cities of Azarbaijan and Khorasan were captured by the Arabs. Following the defeat in Nahavand in 641 AD, each of the Arab commanders was assigned to capture one city of the states of Iran. Besides Shushtar, Ray and southern cities, other cities did not show much resistance. Shushtar resisted for one and a half year.
    According to many historians, the reason that most cities did not resist was that the Arabs had said that their intention was not to conquer and rule, but only to spread Islam.
    Translation by Rowshan Lohrasbpour (AmordadNews writer)




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