Iranians History on This Day

 Jun 18 

Beginning of a new war between Iran and The Roman Empire
The war between Iran and Rome started on 18 June 232 AD in Cappadocia (Capadocia, Turkish: Kapadokya, Greek: Kappadokia; a region in central Turkey, largely in Nevshehir Province. It was included in the third Persian satrapy in the division established by Darius the Great). The commander of Iran’s army was Ardeshir Papakan (Ardeshir or Ardashir I, founder of the Sassanid dynasty). Ardeshir I engaged in a series of Armed conflicts with Persia,s great rival to the west - the Roman Empire started in 230 AD. As a result, the Roman emoeror Alexander Severus (222-235) moved to the east, establishing his headquarters at Antioch, but finally defeated completely in a decisive manner in 232 AD and returned to Europe in the following year (233 AD). Ardeshir I was an energetic king (shah), responsible for the resurgence of Parsi-speaking people as a unified nation, the strengthening of Zoroastrianism, and the establishment of a dynasty that would endure for four centuries.
Death anniversary of Abu Ali Sina (Avicenna), the great Iranian scientist, philosopher and literary writer

Abu Ali Sina, whom the Europeans pronounce as Avicenna and call him the great master of medicine, died on 18 June 1037 AD in Hamedan. Bu Ali was the one who first found the symptoms of diseases and diagnosed them.
    Bu Ali had full domination over the sciences, skills and literature works of his time, to such an extent that science historians have compared the extent of his knowledge with an encyclopedia. He was born in Bukhara, one of the cities of greater Khorassan and the center of Parsi (Persian) culture and literature of those days. As indicated in the "Rouznegar Jahan’, in the English language (Page 338) he was a par excellence scientist at the age of 16. Abu Ali Sina was, at the same time, a philosopher, literary writer and a politician. He spent most of his last years of life in Isfahan.
    In the medicine field, Abu Ali Sina wrote a book with the name "The Law of Medicine" which was the text book taught in European medical universities until the end of the 19th century. In this book, for the first time, Ebn Sina (Ibn Sina) describes the symptoms of diseases, such as changes in pulse beating, diarrhea, changes in the colour of the tongue, and . . ., and upto date, whichever scientist has written a book on medicine, has mentioned Sina as the father of disease diagnosis from symptoms and their warnings, and have expressed his tribute to Iran have gifting the world with such a useful, wise and honourable man.
    Translation by Rowshan Lohrasbpour (AmordadMews writer)




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